Tokat, located in interior parts of Central Black Sea Region, is a unique Anatolia city, that brings and maintains its historical, cultural and natural beauty to today.
Our province is surrounded by Samsun from north, Ordu from Northeast, Sivas from South and Southeast, Yozgat from Southwest, and Amasya from the west. It was an important settlement area throughout the history, taking advantage of being located on fertile Yeşilırmak Valley.
The central district of Tokat is divided into three sections, namely, high section in the south, central section and low section in the north.
Tokat became a province in 1923 with the districts of Erbaa, Niksar, Reşadiye, Zile connected to it. Several other districts were established in time under Tokat province, namely, Taşova in 1943, Artova and Turhal in 1944, Almus in 1954, Pazar and Yeşilyurt in 1987, Sulusaray and Başçiftlik in 1990. Taşova district made connected to Amasya instead of Tokat in 1953.
There are 12 districts in the province including the central district, along with 65 small municipalities and 609 villages. According to the General Census conducted in 2000, total population of the province is 828.027, 113.110 people out of this population lives in the central district.
They are located as plains and plateaus at the extension areas of rivers and as mountain ranges parallel to Black Sea when they come closer to each other. When it is approached to the east, mountains become closer to each other and their heights increase. Mountains, with changing altitudes from 188 meters to 2870 meters are;
Mamu(1779 m.),Yaylacık(1620 m.),Deveci(1892 m.),Bugalı(1945m) Dumanlı (2200 m.),Çamlıbel (2020 m.), Akdağ (1900 m.)
Fertile plain areas, on which all kinds of agricultural activities can be performed, can be found in all corners of the province.
KAZOVA: it is located between Tokat and Turhal, watered by Yeşilırmak and it has size of 20.000 ha.
OMALA PLAIN: It is a waterful area with 3.200 ha size and located between Gümenek regulator and Omala village.
TURHAL PLAIN: It has a size of 4.500 ha and located around Turhal and continue up to the Dazya Creek where Yeşilırmak River is narrowed towards the direction of Amasya.
NİKSAR PLAIN: It has a size of 8.000 ha and it continues up to the Talazan Bridge strait towards the direction of Mansap in the Fatlı section of Kelkit River.
ERBAA PLAIN: It has a size of 6.500 ha and it starts from Tepekışla section of Kelkit river and continues up to Kale Strait.
ARTOVA PLAIN: It has a size of 15.000 ha and it starts from Günçalı village strait, follows through Çamlıbel village of Çekerek Creek and continues up to in front of Sulusaray.
ZİLE PLAIN: Its total size is 10.000 ha, including 2.000 ha Maşat Plain, 2.000 ha of Iğdır Plain, and other plains with 6.000 ha size that are located both sides of Hotan Creek, a branch of Yeşilırmak.
All kinds of fruits, vegetables and sunflower in addition to grain products, sugar beet and tobacco are produced in these plains.
Plateaus in Tokat Province are located in protected areas within the boundaries of state forests.
The leading plateaus are; Topçam, Batmantaş, Muhat and Dumanlı Plateaus in Tokat, Seleman, Bazçalı and Kızılcaören Plateaus in Reşadiye and Çamiçi Plateau in Niksar.
DAMS AND LAKES
ZINAV LAKE: It is a fresh water lake located with a distance of 3 km to Yolüstü Village (Meşedüm) in Reşadiye District. There is a creek that is feeding the lake. Its surface is around 1.5 km. Ir reaches to Kelkit River through an arm dropping from Mansap. There is no quagmire areas in the lake. Average depth is around 10-15 meters. Its surrounding is a protected forest. It has very delicious fishes called Kızılkanat.
GÜLLÜKÖY LAKE: It is located in Güllüköy Village of Reşadiye District. It is a large lake with 16.5 km surface area. It is fed by waters leaked from side streams and winter waters. Average depth is 7 meters wide. It is a fresh water lake.
There are other lakes and reservoirs, namely, Almus Dam Reservoir, Belpınar, Bozpınar, Bedirkale, Akbelen, Akınköy , Sulugöl, Koçaş, Aşagığüçlü, Ortaören, Boldacı, Üçyol, Kızık, Güzelbeyli, and Büğet.
RIVERS AND STREAMS
The lands of Tokat are watered by Yeşilırmak (Green River) River and its branches.
TOZANLI BRANCH: It arises from western versants of Kösedağ Mountain with 2.801 meters altitude. It goes through the valleys between Karacan and Tekeli Mountains, collects many side creeks and arrives in Almus Dam Reservoir at 365 km. Then it passes through a strait of 12 km long between Dönek and Mamu Mountains and enters into Omala Plain. It reaches to Kazova here. It takes many side creeks into itself from Gümenek regulator up to Turhal. (like Behzat creek). After Kazova it enters into Turhal Plain. Here it takes into the Gülüt and Hotan side creeks. Following Turhal plain, it enters into a strait with 30 km long. It unites with Çekerek Branch in the Gendingen Plain in Amasya Province. Its length is 468 km long.
KELKIT BRANCH: It is made up by the unification of small creeks that are arosen from Sipikör, Pülür, Otlukbeli, Sarhan and Balaban mountains of North Erzincan at around the town of Kelkit. It enters into Tokat through Yusuf Bey Bridge. It flows towards the direction of northwest in a narrow valley up to the Fatlı bridge and it enters into Niksar plain. It continues to flow towards the same direction, passes through Erbaa plain, and unites with Yeşilırmak River at the Kale Strait, in the north part of this plain and in the south of Kale village. It enters into Samsun Province after the strait. Its length is 373 km long.
ÇEKEREK BRANCH: It is made up by unification of Kızık Creek, arising from Çamlıbel mountains and the Fizine Creek arising from Kavak, Dinar, Çalı hills at around Çamlıbel town. It flows through the southwest of Artova. It takes the Karadere creek coming from south at around Musaköy. From Sulusaray, it enters into a narrow strait with steep slopes and unites with Gergümez, Gündelen and Akdağmadeni creeks here. It turns to north in Yangı village, unites with İsa creek in front of Çellokışla, and comes to Kaleboğazı dam and Kazankaya dam areas. After that its valley becomes wider and it opens to Geldigen Plain. It unites with Çat creek coming from Çorum at around Bekdemir bridge. At the location of Amasya Kayabaşı, it unites with Yeşilırmak River and reaches to Black Sea. Its length is 276 km long.
Tokat province is a transit area between Black Sea Region and the Central Anatolia, and thus various climates are observed in different parts of the province.
While winters are warm and summers are hot in the Kelkit Valley, a climate similar to the Mediterranean Region climate is observed in the south part of Reşadiye. While winters are warm and summers are cool in Tozanli valley, plateau character of cold winters and cool summers are observed in Çekerek region.
Rains arrives in the province with western winds. Rains take place mainly during spring. During the summer evenings breeze winds blow coming from the sea in the north; during the winter cold winds blow from the east.
Tokat is one of the leading forest areas of our country. Almost all of the mountains located within the boundaries of the province in the north and south are forested areas. In terms of the size of forests it is ranked as 6th among other provinces.
It is possible to observe all kinds of plants and trees in Tokat other than citrus. It is possible to find wild tea at around Kozlu in Erbaa, Meydandüz and Osmanköy; Lebanese cedar in the Çatalan forests near to Kale village and in the forest ranges around Kazalapa of Reşadiye District; wild olive in the area between the center and Erbaa Doğanyurt (Hayati) and Niksar Kümbetli (Herkümbet); and also pomegranates and figs are grown in a natural way in these areas.